Due to the legalization of Cannabis around the world as well as the increasing need for sustainable farming practices, the competitiveness in growing commercial crops indoors is expanding. New cultivation facilities are getting built and more are being designed. For this reason, global indoor cultivation has become more like a chess game with distinctive losers and winners.
There are more cannabis investors in the game, more corporate America suits, and in general cultivators became more and more savvy. The risk is big, but the reward is too. That is why everyone wants to have an advantage. To do so, one must strategize and plan ahead. The better you plan in advance, the more control you will have on your results and your bottom line. Unfortunately some cultivators are planning their cultivation plans too late in their design-build process, leading them to select the wrong or inefficient technologies for their grow method which results in lower ROI.
That’s where Agritech comes in very handy.
What is Agritech?
Agritech or Agtech is the fusion of agriculture and technology.
Agtech gives you the opportunity to harness the technologies most suited to your current climatic and geographical conditions
What is the benefit of Agritech Greenhouse?
Back in the old days, before the legalization and commoditization of cannabis, it was hard to find consistency but these days, consumers expect the same experience every time they use a specific product.
This is why some of the biggest cultivators in North America use greenhouses and integrated technologies. Cannabis agritech greenhouse provides you more control over the environment around your crops. In addition, cultivation is a labor-intensive job that demands attention to details. Harnessing technology turns your grow facility into a more efficient operation when it comes to managing the temperature, irrigation process, air humidity, lighting, and so on.
Building a successful agritech greenhouse
Benjamin Franklin said “by failing to prepare you are preparing to fail”. There are many different and highly important components you should consider when planning a commercial cannabis greenhouse, such as the size of the facility, the height, what you plan to grow and how much, the location, and more. Cultivators tend to think that the process is easier and simpler in a greenhouse so they fail to plan.
These days, as the expectations from owners and cannabis investors are higher, even the slightest error in your plans might become a snag to your goals. This might even cost you your job because it’s all about the profit.
This is the era of technology and hence the answer to a successful agritech greenhouse is technology at its best: greenhouse structure, shade cloths, lighting, fertigation, irrigation, HVAC, and air filtration.
The structure of a Greenhouse is made such that the solar radiation (energy from the sun) passes through its transparent walls (shade) and heats up soil and plants, while thermal radiation, also known as heat and infrared radiation, cannot pass through the glass or plastic walls of a greenhouse, so it is trapped inside. The air mass inside the greenhouse is much smaller than the air mass outside which makes the heat inside a greenhouse more concentrated regardless of the outside temperature (like the heat inside a parked car on a hot day).
Like any plant, the cannabis plant needs light. The amount of light depends on different factors such as the stage – propagation, veg or flowering. Greenhouse setups can be highly automated and even controlled from a far if needed. Automation systems can control lighting as well as HVAC, CO2, humidity in order to ensure constant care for the plants and maximizing control over the crop.
Plants needlight for the photosynthesis process which converts light, oxygen and water into the energy a plant needs in order to grow, bloom, and produce seeds. Light intensity, duration, and quality are three factors affecting the growth and health of plants. Since light is such an important factor for healthy plants and successful yields, an advanced greenhouse can control the amount of light the plants get by providing supplemental lighting. This allows the grower to extend the hours of daylight and to improve the quality of light on overcast days.
Greenhouse shade cloth provides cover for your plants from heavy rains that can cause them to rot if too much moisture is trapped inside the buds. Not only that but they can even block out all incoming light if it’s too light outside. Reducing the amount of light can also be used in tricking the cannabis plants into flowering early.
Greenhouse agritech is all about taking nature and working with it while utilizing technology to produce better yields no matter where your facility is located. The Cannabis Greenhouse HVAC design is one of the most important features of Agritech Greenhouse. The dehumidifiers, heaters, air conditioners, air filters, agritech sprayers, and fans help regulate the climate. Providing cannabis plants an ideal environment of finely tuned temperature, humidity, and ventilation levels help plants grow healthier and stronger without the risk of mold, fungus, or mildew to bring them down.
For your cannabis plant to grow healthier and happier year after year, you have to make sure to have healthy high-quality soil. Now, high-quality soil can either be searched and brought to the place of irrigation or if and when the soil needs, greenhouse fertigation systems can be used to provide the soil all that it needs.
A fertigation system is not only used for both irrigation and fertilization but by employing automated high-tech fertigation tank the water, and the nutrients required by the crops are supplied to the soil. The fertigation dosing pumps perfectly place these nutrients in the absorption area of the roots, improving the rate of growth and quality of the crops.
Just like in any grow facility, regardless of the size, a greenhouse cannabis grower has to take care of the greenhouse water treatment as well.
Let’s say you set up a greenhouse farm in Canada. According to Canadian legislation, you must find an effective and economical way for greenhouses to recycle 100% of nutrient-bearing water.
Irrespective of your geographical location, if you set up a greenhouse cannabis farm you should run a closed-loop irrigation system for your crop, where you treat and recycle collected wastewater. This not only reduces waste discharges and improves water conservation but also increases greenhouse competitiveness. Since little instruction or advice can be found on the same, we have sourced some of the best water treatment products from the top growing company available in this sector today. As the cannabis industry continues to grow all over the world, having an early mover advantage and adding the possibilities of Greenhouse Agritech to it can help you lead the Cannabis agriculture industry.